Preserved and cased Trout, caught by Mrs H.M. Avery in the Dowdeswell Resevoir, Cheltenham on the 19th May, 1938.
(When found in the Thames these are called Thames Trout)
Latin name - Salmo trutta
Colour - It is usually brownish or greenish with a darker back but the colour is variable. Greyish blue specimens occur and some are almost black.
Size - Growth is dependent on the surroundings and adults are often between 20-50m long. Trout can grow up to 140cm (55ins) long.
Charcteristics - The trout has many black spots on its head and body and some red spots. Its lower jaw is long and in old males becomes hooked. The younger trout are called parr and have around 10 marks (called parr marks) on each side of the body.
Habitat - The trout likes clean rivers which are high in oxygen.
Diet - It feeds on invertebrates, fish and crustaceans.
How fished for - Trout are today more often caught from stocked lakes than rivers such as the Thames.
Two Preserved and cased Record Bream, caught by J. J. Perkins at Eynsham in the River Thames on 20th September 1928 Weight 10lbs 13¼oz & 9lb 14¼oz.
Preserved and cased by J. Cooper & Sons of London.
Latin name - Abramis brama
Colour - its back is dark brown, the sides (flanks) are a lighter yellow brown and its belly is silvery.
Size - Adults are 25 - 45 cm long (10 - 16ins). Bream are slow to grow and usually take 11 years to reach maximum size
Characteristics - The bream has a humped back, a deep (wide) body and a forked tail.
Diet - It eats worms and insect larvae from the bottom of the river. It feeds with a sucking action.
Habitat - Bream like slow flowing rivers. It is a shy fish and lives and moves in shoals (groups) near the bottom of the river.
How fished for - Bream is caught using a float and/or ledgering technique. Ledgering involves the use of a lead weight to keep the bait near to the bottom of the water. Baits include maggots, worms and bread.
Interesting facts - Bream are now only eaten in Europe but were once a main part of the diet of rural peasants in Britain.
British Record - 11lb 2oz (5.4kg)